LCM of 36, 48, and 72
LCM of 36, 48, and 72 is the smallest number among all common multiples of 36, 48, and 72. The first few multiples of 36, 48, and 72 are (36, 72, 108, 144, 180 . . .), (48, 96, 144, 192, 240 . . .), and (72, 144, 216, 288, 360 . . .) respectively. There are 3 commonly used methods to find LCM of 36, 48, 72  by listing multiples, by prime factorization, and by division method.
1.  LCM of 36, 48, and 72 
2.  List of Methods 
3.  Solved Examples 
4.  FAQs 
What is the LCM of 36, 48, and 72?
Answer: LCM of 36, 48, and 72 is 144.
Explanation:
The LCM of three nonzero integers, a(36), b(48), and c(72), is the smallest positive integer m(144) that is divisible by a(36), b(48), and c(72) without any remainder.
Methods to Find LCM of 36, 48, and 72
Let's look at the different methods for finding the LCM of 36, 48, and 72.
 By Division Method
 By Prime Factorization Method
 By Listing Multiples
LCM of 36, 48, and 72 by Division Method
To calculate the LCM of 36, 48, and 72 by the division method, we will divide the numbers(36, 48, 72) by their prime factors (preferably common). The product of these divisors gives the LCM of 36, 48, and 72.
 Step 1: Find the smallest prime number that is a factor of at least one of the numbers, 36, 48, and 72. Write this prime number(2) on the left of the given numbers(36, 48, and 72), separated as per the ladder arrangement.
 Step 2: If any of the given numbers (36, 48, 72) is a multiple of 2, divide it by 2 and write the quotient below it. Bring down any number that is not divisible by the prime number.
 Step 3: Continue the steps until only 1s are left in the last row.
The LCM of 36, 48, and 72 is the product of all prime numbers on the left, i.e. LCM(36, 48, 72) by division method = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3 = 144.
LCM of 36, 48, and 72 by Prime Factorization
Prime factorization of 36, 48, and 72 is (2 × 2 × 3 × 3) = 2^{2} × 3^{2}, (2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 3) = 2^{4} × 3^{1}, and (2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3) = 2^{3} × 3^{2} respectively. LCM of 36, 48, and 72 can be obtained by multiplying prime factors raised to their respective highest power, i.e. 2^{4} × 3^{2} = 144.
Hence, the LCM of 36, 48, and 72 by prime factorization is 144.
LCM of 36, 48, and 72 by Listing Multiples
To calculate the LCM of 36, 48, 72 by listing out the common multiples, we can follow the given below steps:
 Step 1: List a few multiples of 36 (36, 72, 108, 144, 180 . . .), 48 (48, 96, 144, 192, 240 . . .), and 72 (72, 144, 216, 288, 360 . . .).
 Step 2: The common multiples from the multiples of 36, 48, and 72 are 144, 288, . . .
 Step 3: The smallest common multiple of 36, 48, and 72 is 144.
∴ The least common multiple of 36, 48, and 72 = 144.
ā Also Check:
 LCM of 4, 5 and 8  40
 LCM of 14 and 21  42
 LCM of 120 and 90  360
 LCM of 32 and 48  96
 LCM of 42 and 63  126
 LCM of 45 and 72  360
 LCM of 24 and 64  192
LCM of 36, 48, and 72 Examples

Example 1: Find the smallest number that is divisible by 36, 48, 72 exactly.
Solution:
The smallest number that is divisible by 36, 48, and 72 exactly is their LCM.
⇒ Multiples of 36, 48, and 72: Multiples of 36 = 36, 72, 108, 144, 180, . . . .
 Multiples of 48 = 48, 96, 144, 192, 240, . . . .
 Multiples of 72 = 72, 144, 216, 288, 360, . . . .
Therefore, the LCM of 36, 48, and 72 is 144.

Example 2: Calculate the LCM of 36, 48, and 72 using the GCD of the given numbers.
Solution:
Prime factorization of 36, 48, 72:
 36 = 2^{2} × 3^{2}
 48 = 2^{4} × 3^{1}
 72 = 2^{3} × 3^{2}
Therefore, GCD(36, 48) = 12, GCD(48, 72) = 24, GCD(36, 72) = 36, GCD(36, 48, 72) = 12
We know,
LCM(36, 48, 72) = [(36 × 48 × 72) × GCD(36, 48, 72)]/[GCD(36, 48) × GCD(48, 72) × GCD(36, 72)]
LCM(36, 48, 72) = (124416 × 12)/(12 × 24 × 36) = 144
⇒LCM(36, 48, 72) = 144 
Example 3: Verify the relationship between the GCD and LCM of 36, 48, and 72.
Solution:
The relation between GCD and LCM of 36, 48, and 72 is given as,
LCM(36, 48, 72) = [(36 × 48 × 72) × GCD(36, 48, 72)]/[GCD(36, 48) × GCD(48, 72) × GCD(36, 72)]
⇒ Prime factorization of 36, 48 and 72: 36 = 2^{2} × 3^{2}
 48 = 2^{4} × 3^{1}
 72 = 2^{3} × 3^{2}
∴ GCD of (36, 48), (48, 72), (36, 72) and (36, 48, 72) = 12, 24, 36 and 12 respectively.
Now, LHS = LCM(36, 48, 72) = 144.
And, RHS = [(36 × 48 × 72) × GCD(36, 48, 72)]/[GCD(36, 48) × GCD(48, 72) × GCD(36, 72)] = [(124416) × 12]/[12 × 24 × 36] = 144
LHS = RHS = 144.
Hence verified.
FAQs on LCM of 36, 48, and 72
What is the LCM of 36, 48, and 72?
The LCM of 36, 48, and 72 is 144. To find the least common multiple of 36, 48, and 72, we need to find the multiples of 36, 48, and 72 (multiples of 36 = 36, 72, 108 . . . .; multiples of 48 = 48, 96, 144 . . . .; multiples of 72 = 72, 144, 216 . . . .) and choose the smallest multiple that is exactly divisible by 36, 48, and 72, i.e., 144.
How to Find the LCM of 36, 48, and 72 by Prime Factorization?
To find the LCM of 36, 48, and 72 using prime factorization, we will find the prime factors, (36 = 2^{2} × 3^{2}), (48 = 2^{4} × 3^{1}), and (72 = 2^{3} × 3^{2}). LCM of 36, 48, and 72 is the product of prime factors raised to their respective highest exponent among the numbers 36, 48, and 72.
⇒ LCM of 36, 48, 72 = 2^{4} × 3^{2} = 144.
Which of the following is the LCM of 36, 48, and 72? 2, 27, 144, 100
The value of LCM of 36, 48, 72 is the smallest common multiple of 36, 48, and 72. The number satisfying the given condition is 144.
What is the Least Perfect Square Divisible by 36, 48, and 72?
The least number divisible by 36, 48, and 72 = LCM(36, 48, 72)
LCM of 36, 48, and 72 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3 [No incomplete pair]
⇒ Least perfect square divisible by each 36, 48, and 72 = LCM(36, 48, 72) = 144 [Square root of 144 = √144 = ±12]
Therefore, 144 is the required number.
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