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Kindergarten math is an early introduction to the world of numbers which is an essential part of our daily lives. This preschool Maths introduces us to the math vocabulary and concepts that are required for analytical skill development. It not only promotes computational and logical skills, but also emphasizes on the ability related to recognize shapes, compare sizes, count objects, and identify money.
The Kindergarten Math curriculum includes the life skills that are necessary for the overall growth of children. The concepts that are covered in the Kindergarten Math problems increase the mental abilities of children. The Math activities for Kindergarten help the students visualize it in real-life situations. This page covers the Kindergarten Math syllabus. So, let us learn more about the Preschool Maths syllabus in this article.
Kindergarten Math Curriculum
The Kindergarten Math curriculum may differ a bit for various preschools. However, it includes some basic topics that are covered commonly by all at this level.
Preschool Math Curriculum
Cuemath's Kindergarten math curriculum is designed such that the students are provided with a comprehensive understanding of key mathematical concepts and principles. Here is the Preschool Maths curriculum with topics and subtopics.
Numbers and Counting for Kindergarten
- Recognize and write numbers (anywhere from 0 - 10 and 0 - 30)
- Name ordinal numbers first to tenth
- Show the sequence of numbers till 20
- Show 1 to 1 correspondence by pointing to every object as it is counted for numbers up to 20
- Count in 2s up to 10
- Count in 1s, 5s and 10s up to 100
- Counting numbers backward from 10
Sorting and Classifying
- Create sets and sometimes label them with the correct numeral
- Join and separate sets of objects into equal groups and/or into sets of 0 - 10 or 0 - 20
- Sort and classify objects using one or more attributes such as position, shape, size, color, the number of corners, and so on.
- Identity half versus whole
- Separate whole to parts and then back to whole
Kindergarten Geometry - Shapes and Graphs
- Recognize and draw the 5 basic geometric shapes (circle, square, triangle, rectangle, oval)
- Identify, copy, create and extend patterns of 3 objects
- Make and interpret graphs
Measuring and Comparing
- Use non-standard objects (pencils, blocks, and hands) to measure length, volume, and weight
- Compare quantities by estimating, weighing and measuring
- Compare measurements and correctly use the terms - shorter, longer, taller, heavier, warmer, more, less, etc.
- Demonstrate an understanding of positional relationships (above, below, more, less, top, bottom, before, after, middle, left, right)
Time and Money
- Identify coins (penny, nickel, dime, quarter)
- Count coins
- Tell time to the nearest hour
- Recite the days of the week and months of the year in order
Addition for Kindergarten, Subtraction for Kindergarten
- Add and subtract to and from 10 using manipulatives (items that can be picked up, such as pieces of candy)
- Do simple addition and subtraction problems to 20
Develop Kindergarten Math Skills
Kindergarten Math skills include the recognition of shapes, number sense, colors, patterns, and so on. The following points suggest some ways to help develop math skills in Kindergarten students.
Help your child identify and recognize shapes in their surroundings. For example, the shape of a pizza, or cookies, the shape of a book, doors, sign boards, and so on.
As they start recognizing different shapes they can be told about the number of sides that each shape has. This will make them capable of differentiating between various shapes.
Make your child understand the concept of first, next and last using story pictures. This will help them recognize number sequences and learn mathematical procedures.
Use fun activities like making a cookie or a sandwich making them recognize and identify the shapes of these. Help them learn it step by step so that they learn how the sequence of events.
Units of Time
Help them understand the units of time like hours, minutes and seconds. Use a timer in their regular activities such as play time, study time and so on. This will help them understand the concept of time and distinguish between hours, minutes and seconds.
Math Activities for Kindergarten
Use Primary Math Concepts into Routine Activities.
Help your child to count objects around him and incorporate some fun in that by giving them counting challenges. For example, counting the number of eggs in a tray, or the number of red cars on the road.
Solve Logical Puzzles
Encourage them to solve mathematical puzzles because it improves visualization skills in children. It helps them recognize the difference and similarities in patterns, shapes, positions, sizes, and colors.
Apply Math in Everyday Life
One of the most effective ways of teaching Math is applying Math in their regular routines. Encourage them to sort and arrange their toys after they have finished playing. Ask them to distribute objects like candies among their friends. Help them figure out the number of candies needed if another friend joins them. This will not only add a fun element to the activity, but also help them understand the concept of adding numbers.
FAQs on Kindergarten Maths
How to Teach Preschool Maths?
Preschool maths can be taught to students using innovative techniques so that they remain inclined towards the subject. For example, help them group objects, count real-life objects, sort different objects according to their colour or size. Help them distinguish between left and right, mall and big, above and below, and so on.
What are the Kindergarten Math Lessons?
Kindergarten Math lessons mainly emphasize on a deeper understanding of the concepts using day-to-day life examples. The lessons are planned keeping in mind the concept of 'learning outside the classroom' so that the students find it interesting after they are able to relate the activities to their day-to-day life. A detailed list of the topics of the Kindergarten Math lessons is given above on this page for reference.
How to Teach Kindergarten Math Problems?
Kindergarten math problems can be taught Maths keeping the following points in mind.
- Try and think from their perspective and help them understand the concept using fun activities like making a sandwich together. This will help them memorize shapes and understand the concept of sequencing as they do a task step-by-step.
- Have a conversation with the kids and encourage them even for small achievements.
- Get involved with them by creating games that are related to the topic.
How to Teach Kindergarten Word Problems?
Kindergarten word problems can be solved using the following simple tricks given below.
- Read: Read the given word problem like a story and ask the child to analyze what they understood from it.
- Plan: After they get an idea about the problem, they will know what is given and what is required. Then ask them if they know a way out to solve the problem, and if they could relate it to anything.
- Solve: Then, help them use the correct method to solve the problem and applaud them.