# Give first the step you will use to separate the variable and then solve the equation:

(a) x – 1 = 0 (b) x + 1 = 0 (c) x – 1 = 5

(d) x + 6 = 2 (e) y – 4 = –7 (f) y – 4 = 4

(g) y + 4 = 4 (h) y + 4 = –4

**Solution:**

We use the concepts of simple linear equations to solve the questions given.

First, try to reduce the equation by adding or subtracting by the same number and get the value of the variable.

(a) x - 1 = 0

Adding 1 to both sides of the equation we get,

x - 1 + 1 = 0 + 1

x = 1

(b) x + 1 = 0

Subtracting 1 from both sides of the equation we get,

x + 1 - 1 = 0 - 1

x = -1

(c) x - 1 = 5

Adding 1 to both sides of the equation we get,

x - 1 + 1 = 5 + 1

x = 6

(d) x + 6 = 2

Subtracting 6 from both sides of the equation we get,

x + 6 - 6 = 2 - 6

x = -4

(e) y - 4 = -7

Adding 4 to both sides of the equation we get,

y - 4 + 4 = -7 + 4

y = -3

(f) y - 4 = 4

Adding 4 to both sides of the equation we get,

y - 4 + 4 = 4 + 4

y = 8

(g) y + 4 = 4

Subtracting 4 from both sides of the equation we get,

y + 4 - 4 = 4 - 4

y = 0

(h) y + 4 = - 4

Subtracting 4 from both sides of the equation we get,

y + 4 - 4 = - 4 - 4

y = -8

**Video Solution:**

## Give first the step you will use to separate the variable and then solve the equation: (a) x – 1 = 0 (b) x + 1 = 0 (c) x – 1 = 5 (d) x + 6 = 2 (e) y – 4 = –7 (f) y – 4 = 4 (g) y + 4 = 4 (h) y + 4 = –4

### NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Maths - Chapter 4 Exercise 4.2 Question 1:

Give first the step you will use to separate the variable and then solve the equation: (a) x – 1 = 0 (b) x + 1 = 0 (c) x – 1 = 5 (d) x + 6 = 2 (e) y – 4 = –7 (f) y – 4 = 4 (g) y + 4 = 4 (h) y + 4 = –4

(a) Adding 1 to both sides of the equation, (b) Subtracting 1 from both sides of the equation, (c) Adding 1 to both sides of the equation, (d) Subtracting 6 from both sides of the equation, (e) Adding 4 to both sides of the equation, (f) Adding 4 to both sides of the equation, (g) Subtracting 4 from both sides of the equation, (h) Subtracting 4 from both sides of the equation.