What does it mean for two fractions to be equivalent?
Answer: Two fractions are said to be equivalent if both of them get reduced to the same number when they are simplified.
Equivalent fractions have the same value in the reduced form.
Consider examples, 2/4 and 3/6. Both these fractions can be reduced and expressed in the simplest form as 1/2. They both have equal value and therefore they are equivalent fractions.
Therefore, two fractions are equivalent if both the fractions are equal when they are written in the simplified form.