The concept of zero is a fundamental component of mathematics that we take for granted today. It is hard to imagine a world without zero, but it was not always a part of mathematical equations. The discovery of zero is a fascinating mystery that has puzzled scholars for centuries. In this article, we will delve into the history of zero and uncover the mystery of who discovered zero.
Who Discovered Zero?
The person who discovered zero was an Indian mathematician Brahmagupta, who lived in the 7th century AD. He is often credited with discovering zero. He wrote the first known text on the number zero, the Brahmasphutasiddhanta, which means "the opening of the universe." In this text, Brahmagupta was the one who introduced the concept of zero as a number that could be used in calculations and included rules for adding and subtracting zero from other numbers.
However, the concept of zero was only sometimes accepted by other cultures. In fact, it took several centuries for zero to be widely adopted in Europe. The Greek mathematician Pythagoras believed that all numbers could be expressed as ratios of whole numbers, and he considered zero to be a nonnumber. The Roman numerals, which were used in Europe then, also did not include a symbol for zero.
It was in the 12th century that the Italian mathematician Fibonacci introduced the concept of zero to Europe. Fibonacci travelled to North Africa and learned about the HinduArabic numeral system, which included a symbol for zero. He brought this knowledge back to Europe and wrote about it in his book, Liber Abaci. The book was a huge success and helped to popularize the HinduArabic numeral system, including the symbol for zero.
The History of Zero & The Importance of the Concept of Zero in Maths
Here are some amazing facts about the number zero and the importance of the concept of Zero in maths:

The concept of zero is widely believed to have originated in ancient India, where it was used as a placeholder in the decimal placevalue system. This system of numerals, including zero, spread throughout the Indian subcontinent and eventually reached the Arab world. It was in the Arab world that the concept of zero was further developed and introduced to the western world.

The Indian mathematician Brahmagupta is the person who discovered zero in the 7th century AD. In his book "Brahmasphutasiddhanta," he describes zero as a number with no value but as a placeholder to represent the absence of value. Brahmagupta's work focused on algebra and astronomy and introduced several key concepts that laid the groundwork for modern mathematics.

There is evidence that zero existed even earlier than Brahmagupta's work. The ancient Mayans and Babylonians used a similar placeholder system in their numeral systems, although they did not have a symbol for zero. Instead, they used a blank space to represent the absence of value.

The person who discovered zero, or instead introduced zero to the western world, was the Arab mathematician AlKhwarizmi, who lived in the 9th century AD. AlKhwarizmi's work focused on algebra and introduced Arabic numerals, including zero, to the western world. The Arabic numerals quickly gained popularity due to their ease of use and became the standard numeral system in Europe by the 15th century.

The importance of zero in mathematics cannot be overstated. Zero is the foundation of the decimal system, which is used in everyday life for measurements, currency, and scientific notation. With zero, it is possible to perform calculations involving negative numbers or decimal fractions.

In addition to its practical uses, zero has played a crucial role in developing abstract mathematical concepts. Zero is an essential element in algebra, where it is used to represent the identity element in addition and the annihilator in multiplication. Zero is also used in calculus to define the limit of a function as it approaches a value.

Moreover, zero is essential in geometry, which represents points on a coordinate plane. Using zero as a coordinate allows for the development of nonEuclidean geometries, which have been crucial in relativity and quantum mechanics.

The concept of zero is crucial in calculus, where it is used to represent limits and derivatives. In calculus, zero is used to describe the boundary of a function as it approaches a value. The concept of zero is also used to represent the derivative of a process, where the product at zero means the rate of change of the function at that point.

Zero is an essential element in geometry. In geometry, zero represents the origin of a coordinate system. The concept of zero as a coordinate allows for the development of nonEuclidean geometries, which have been crucial in fields such as relativity and quantum mechanics.
The Value of Zero Today
The concept of zero is an essential element of mathematics today and is widely used in many fields, including science, engineering, and finance. It is a fundamental concept that has allowed advanced mathematical theories and applications to be developed. Whether algebra, geometry, calculus, or any other branch of mathematics, zero has a crucial role in all things maths.
Conclusion
The concept of zero is a fundamental element of mathematics today, and its discovery has profoundly impacted the development of many mathematical concepts. At Cuemath, the online math courses are designed to make the mathematics study engaging and interesting for students. The history of mathematics, too, is woven into the curriculum to provide a holistic understanding of the subject and make it more relatable. So, what are you waiting for? Start learning with us today!