# Find the smallest number by which each of the following numbers must be divided to obtain a perfect cube

(i) 81 (ii) 128 (iii) 135 (iv) 192 (v) 704

**Solution:**

A number is a perfect cube only when each factor in the prime factorization is grouped in triples. Using this concept, the smallest number can be identified.

(i) 81

81 = 3 × 3 × 3 × 3

= 3^{3} × 3

Here, the prime factor 3 is not grouped as a triplet. Hence, we divide 81 by 3, so that the obtained number becomes a perfect cube.

Thus, 81 ÷ 3 = 27 = 3^{3} is a perfect cube.

Hence the smallest number by which 81 should be divided to make a perfect cube is 3.

(ii) 128

128 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2

= 2^{3} × 2^{3} × 2

Here, the prime factor 2 is not grouped as a triplet. Hence, we divide 128 by 2, so that the obtained number becomes a perfect cube.

Thus, 128 ÷ 2 = 64 = 4^{3} is a perfect cube.

Hence the smallest number by which 128 should be divided to make a perfect cube is 2.

(iii) 135

135 = 3 × 3 × 3 × 5

= 3^{3} × 5

Here, the prime factor 5 is not a triplet. Hence, we divide 135 by 5, so that the obtained number becomes a perfect cube.

135 ÷ 5 = 27 = 3^{3} is a perfect cube.

Hence the smallest number by which 135 should be divided to make a perfect cube is 5.

(iv) 192

192 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 3

= 2^{3} × 2^{3} × 3

Here, the prime factor 3 is not grouped as a triplet. Hence, we divide 192 by 3, so that the obtained number becomes a perfect cube.

192 ÷ 3 = 64 = 4^{3} is a perfect cube

Hence the smallest number by which 192 should be divided to make a perfect cube is 3.

(v) 704

704 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 11

= 2^{3} × 2^{3} × 11

Here, the prime factor 11 is not grouped as a triplet. Hence, we divide 704 by 11, so that the obtained number becomes a perfect cube.

Thus, 704 ÷ 11 = 64 = 4^{3} is a perfect cube

Hence the smallest number by which 704 should be divided to make a perfect cube is 11.

**☛ Check: **NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 7

**Video Solution:**

## Find the smallest number by which each of the following numbers must be divided to obtain a perfect cube (i) 81 (ii) 128 (iii) 135 (iv) 192 (v) 704

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths Chapter 7 Exercise 7.1 Question 3

**Summary:**

The smallest number by which each of the following numbers must be divided to obtain a perfect cube (i) 81 (ii) 128 (iii) 135 (iv) 192 (v) 704 are (i) 3, (ii) 2, (iii) 5, (iv) 3, and (v) 11

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