# For each of the following numbers, find the smallest whole number by which it should be multiplied so as to get a perfect square number. Also find the square root of the square number so obtained.

(i) 252 (ii) 180 (iii) 1008 (iv) 2028 (v) 1458 (vi) 768

**Solution:**

We have to find the smallest whole number by which the number should be multiplied so as to get a perfect square number

To get a perfect square, each factor of the given number must be paired.

(i) 252

Hence, prime factor 7 does not have its pair. If 7 gets a pair, then the number becomes a perfect square. Therefore, 252 has to be multiplied by 7 to get a perfect square.

So, perfect square is 252 × 7 = 1764

1764 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 3 × 7 × 7

Thus, √1764 = 2 × 3 × 7 = 42

(ii) 180

Hence, prime factor 5 does not have its pair. If 5 gets a pair, then the number becomes a perfect square. Therefore, 180 has to be multiplied by 5 to get a perfect square.

So, perfect square is 180 × 5 = 900

900 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 3 × 5 × 5

Thus, √900 = 2 × 3 × 5 = 30

(iii) 1008

Hence, prime factor 7 does not have its pair. If 7 gets a pair, then the number becomes a perfect square. Therefore, 1008 has to be multiplied by 7 to get a perfect square.

So, perfect square is 1008 × 7 = 7056

7056 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3 × 7 × 7

Thus, √7056 = 2 × 2 × 3 × 7 = 84

(iv) 2028

Hence, prime factor 3 does not have its pair. If 3 gets a pair, then the number becomes a perfect square. Therefore, 2028 has to be multiplied by 3 to get a perfect square.

So, perfect square is 2028 × 3 = 6084

6084 = 2 × 2 × 13 × 13 × 3 × 3

Thus, √6084 = 2 × 13 × 3 = 78

(v) 1458

Hence, prime factor 2 does not have its pair. If 2 gets a pair, then the number becomes a perfect square. Therefore, 1458 has to be multiplied by 2 to get a perfect square.

So, perfect square is 1458 × 2 = 2916

2916 = 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 2 × 2

Thus, √2916 = 3 × 3 × 3 × 2 = 54

(vi) 768

Hence, prime factor 3 does not have its pair. If 3 gets a pair, then the number becomes a perfect square. Therefore, 768 has to be multiplied by 3 to get a perfect square.

So, perfect square is 768 × 3 = 2304

2304 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3

Thus, √2304 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 = 48

**Video Solution:**

## For each of the following numbers, find the smallest whole number by which it should be multiplied so as to get a perfect square number. Also find the square root of the square number so obtained.

(i) 252 (ii) 180 (iii) 1008 (iv) 2028 (v) 1458 (vi) 768

### NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths - Chapter 6 Exercise 6.3 Question 5

**Summary:**

For each of the following numbers, (i) 252 (ii) 180 (iii) 1008 (iv) 2028 (v) 1458 (vi) 768 the smallest whole number by which it should be multiplied so as to get a perfect square number and the square root of the square number so obtained are as follows: (i) 7; √1764 = 42 (ii) 5; √900 = 30 (iii) 7; √7056 = 84 (iv) 3; √6084 = 78 (v) 2; √2916 = 54 and (vi) 3; √2304 = 48