Rolling a Die
Rolling a die means throwing it in the air and waiting for it to rest on one of its faces. A die or dice is a solid shape with markings such as numbers on each side of the face; cube is the most commonly used. Many board games use rolling a die as a probability of obtaining a certain number to move ahead in the game such as monopoly, snakes and ladders, ludo, etc. What is the probability that the number we are looking for is the one that will appear on the die? Let us learn more about this concept in this article.
1.  What Do You Mean By Rolling a Die? 
2.  Probability of Rolling a Fair Dice 
3.  Probability of a Number on Dice 
4.  FAQs on Rolling a Die 
What Do You Mean By Rolling a Die?
Rolling a die means throwing the shape into the air to obtain a certain number to move forward in any game. This die or dice is usually in the shape of a cube with numbers from 16 written on each side or face. Every time a die or dice is rolled, there are numerous possibilities of obtaining numbers in that set called sample space. For example, if a cubical dice is rolled there are a set of all the possible outcomes where the numbers on the die become a set. Hence, the sample space has six possible outcomes: {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}. The image below shows a dice with all the sides and numbers on them.
Probability of Rolling a Fair Dice
When one dice is rolled, there is an equal probability of obtaining numbers from 16. However, if there are two dice the odds are different. If the die has been constructed in a perfectly symmetrical manner, then we can expect that no outcome will be preferred over the other. Each of the 6 possible outcomes in a fair die has an even chance to appear. For a large number of rolls, the relative occurrence of each outcome should be roughly onesixth (1/6). Therefore, the probability of getting any 1 number is 1/6. The probability of dice formula is written as:
P (F) = No. of Favourable Outcomes / No. of total outcomes = 1/6
Look at the image below to understand the probability of each number.
Probability of a Number on Dice
We see that in the probability line below, the probability of an event is 1/6 which lies in the least likely occurring zone. When 0 indicates impossibility, 1 indicates the event certain to happen. Rolling a die has the possibility of 0, which is more unlikely to happen. This is because the sample space has 6 possible outcomes.
Example: suppose that our random experiment is rolling a fair die. Let us define an event E as follows:
E: A number greater than 4 shows up. Note that there are two possible outcomes in E: either 5 shows up, or 6 shows up. Considering a large number of rolls, the relative occurrence of the outcome “5” is 1/6 and the relative occurrence of the outcome “6” is also 1/6. The relative occurrence of event E is 1/6 + 1/6 = 2/6 = 1/3
Thus, we can say that P(E) = 1/3, that is the dice probability of event E occurring is 1/3, or in other words, for a large number of rolls, event E will occur onethirds of the time.
Let us look at another example.
The following table shows the number of occurrences and the relative occurrence of each outcome for a loaded die that was rolled 600 times:
Outcome  1  2  3  4  5  6 

Number of Occurrences  100  80  150  120  100  50 
Relative Occurrence  1/6  2/15  2/15  1/5  1/6  1/12 
The relative occurrence of Face6 is the lowest, while that of Face3 is the highest. The sum of the probabilities is 1. This is because the sum of all the relative occurrences must be 1. The sum of occurrences:
= 1/6 + 2/15 + 2/15 + 1/5 + 1/6 + 1/12
= (10 + 24 + 45 + 36 + 30 + 15)/180
= 180/180
= 1
Important Notes
 The probability of each outcome when a die is rolled will be 1/6.
 Only one number can be a favorable outcome. An outcome is an independent event.
☛Related Topics
Listed below are a few topics related to rolling a die.
Rolling a Die Examples

Example 1: Ron throws a die. He expects an event E is defined as follows: E: A multiple of 3 shows up. What is the probability of E occurring?
Solution: Event E consists of two possible outcomes: 3 or 6. Thus, the probability of E occurring is:
P (E) = No. of Favourable Outcomes / No. of total outcomes
P (E) = 2/6
P (E) = 1/3
Therefore, the probability is 1/3.

Example 2: Shawn throws a die 400 times and he records the score of getting 5 as 30 times. What could be the probability of
a) getting a score of 5?
b) getting a score under 5?
Solution:
a) P(getting a score of 5)
= No. of times getting 5/total times
= 30/400
= 3/40
b) P(getting a score under 5)
= No. of times getting under 5/total times
= 370/400
= 37/40
Therefore, option a) is 3/40 and b) is 37/40.

Example 3: Patrick rolls a 6sided die. What will be the probability that he will get a prime number?
Solution:
The total possible outcomes in our sample space is 6
The numbers in the sample space is {1,2,3,4,5,6}
The prime numbers among these are {2,3, 5}
Probability of getting prime numbers,
= No. of Favourable Outcomes / No. of total outcomes
= 3/6
= 1/2
Therefore, probability of getting a prime number is 1/2.
FAQs on Rolling a Die
How Many Sides are there in a Fair Die?
There are 6 sides in a fair die.
How Do You Find the Probability of Rolling a Die?
The probability of an event = No. of Favourable Outcomes / No. of total outcomes = 1/6
What is the Probability of Rolling 4 on a Die?
The probability of rolling 4 on a die is 1/6.
What is the Probability of Rolling 2 on a 6 Sided Die?
The probability of rolling 2 can be written as = getting 2/total possible outcomes = 1/6
What is the Probability of Rolling an Odd Number?
The probability of rolling an odd number = 3/6 = 1/2
What is the Probability of Rolling a 2 or an Odd Number?
The probability of rolling 2 or an odd number = 1/6 × 3/6 = 3/36 = 1/12
How Many Even Numbers are There on a Die?
There are 3 even numbers on a die. They are 2,4,6
Is there a Zero on Dice?
No. there is no zero on a die.
Is a 3 sided Die Possible?
Yes, it is possible to have a 3sided die which when rolled give us a number between 1 and 3
What are the Odds of Rolling 4 Ones in a Row?
It is the least possible way of getting 4 ones in a row as every number from 1 to 6 has an equal chance when a die is rolled.
What are the Odds of Rolling Even Numbers with 2 Dice?
It is the chance of 5050 that might occur as we have 3 odd numbers and 3 even numbers on the die and when 2 dice are rolled, we get 18/36 = 1/2.
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