Before learning the long division formula, let us recall what is long division. In arithmetic, long division is a standard division algorithm for dividing large numbers, breaking down a division problem into a series of easier steps. It requires the constructs of a tableau. The divisor is separated from the dividend by a right parenthesis 〈)〉 or vertical bar 〈|〉 and the dividend is separated from the quotient by a vinculum (an overbar). The long division formula gives the general algorithm for the long division of any two numbers.
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