# Percentile Formula

The percentile formula determines the performance of a person over others. The percentile formula is used in finding where a student stands in the test compared to other candidates. A percentile is a number where a certain percentage of scores fall below the given number. Let's discuss this percentile formula in detail and solve a few examples.

### Percentile Definition

Percentile is defined as the value below which a given percentage falls under. For example, in a group of 20 children, Ben is the 4th tallest and 80% of the children are shorter than you. Hence, it means that Ben is at the 80th percentile. It is most commonly used in competitive exams such as SAT, LSAT, etc.

## What is Percentile Formula?

The percentile formula is used when we need to compare the exact values or numbers over the other numbers from the given data i.e. the accuracy of the number. Often percentile and percentage are taken as one but both are different concepts. A percentage is where the fraction is considered as one term while percentile is the value below the percentage found from the given data. In our day-to-day life, percentile formulas are usually helpful in finding the test scores or biometric measurements. Hence, the percentile formula is:

**Percentile = (n/N) × 100**

Or

The percentile of x is the ratio of the number of values below x to the total number of values multiplied by 100. i.e., the percentile formula is

**Percentile = (Number of Values Below “x” / Total Number of Values) × 100**

### Percentile Formula

P = (n/N) × 100

Where,

- n = ordinal rank of the given value or value below the number
- N = number of values in the data set
- P = percentile

Or

Percentile = (Number of Values Below “x” / Total Number of Values) × 100

## Steps of Percentile Formula

To find the percentile, here are a few steps to use the percentile formula. If q is any number between zero and hundred, the qth percentile is a value that divides the data into two parts i.e the lowest part contains the q percent of the data and the rest of the data is the upper part.

- Step 1: Arrange the data set in ascending order
- Step 2: Count the number of values in the data set and represent it as r
- Step 3: Calculate the value of q/100
- Step 4: Multiply q percent by r
- Step 5: If the answer is not a whole number then rounding the number is required. If it is a whole number, continue to the next step
- Step 6: Count the values in the data set, find the mean and the next number. The answer is the qth percentile
- Step 7: Count the value in the data set, once you reach that number according to what we obtained in step 5 that is the qth percentile.

## Examples Using Percentile Formula

**Example 1: The scores obtained by 10 students are 38, 47, 49, 58, 60, 65, 70, 79, 80, 92. Using the percentile formula, calculate the percentile for score 70?**

**Solution:**

Given:

Scores obtained by students are 38, 47, 49, 58, 60, 65, 70, 79, 80, 92

Number of scores below 70 = 6

Using percentile formula,

Percentile = (Number of Values Below “x” / Total Number of Values) × 100

Percentile of 70

= (6/10) × 100

= 0.6 × 100 = 60

Therefore, the percentile for score 70 = 60

**Example 2: The weights of 10 people were recorded in kg as 35, 41, 42, 56, 58, 62, 70, 71, 90, 77. Find the percentile for the weight 58 kg.**

**Solution:**

Given:

Weight of the people are 35, 41, 42, 56, 58, 62, 70, 71, 77, 90

Number of people with weight below 58 kg = 4

Using percentile formula,

Percentile = (Number of Values Below “x” / Total Number of Values) × 100

Percentile for weight 58 kg

= (4/10) × 100

= 0.4 × 100 = 40

Therefore, the percentile for weight 58 kg = 40

**Example 3: In a college, a list of scores of 10 students is announced. The scores are 56, 45, 69, 78, 72, 94, 82, 80, 63, 59. Using the percentile formula, find the 70th percentile.**

**Solution:** Arrange the data in ascending order - 45, 56, 59, 63, 69, 72, 78, 80, 82, 94

Find the rank,

Rank = Percentile ÷ 100

Rank = 70 ÷ 100 = 0.7

So, the rank is 0.7

Find the percentile using the formula,

Percentile = Rank × Total number of the data set

Percentile = 0.7 × 10

Percentile = 7

Now, counting 7 values from left to right we reach 80, and we can say that all the values below 80 will come under the 70th percentile. In other words, 70% of the values are below 80.

Therefore, the 70th percentile is 80.

## FAQs on Percentile Formula

### What is the Percentile Formula?

The percentile formula determines the performance of a person over others. The percentile formula is used in finding where a student stands in the test compared to other candidates. In our day-to-day life, percentile formulas are usually helpful in finding the test scores or biometric measurements.

### What is the Formula to Calculate the Percentile?

The percentile of x is the ratio of the number of values below x to the total number of values multiplied by 100. i.e., the percentile formula is:

Percentile = (Number of Values Below “x” / Total Number of Values) × 100

### What is the Formula to Calculate the Percentile By Rank?

The percentile formula where the rank of the number is used is:

P = (n/N) × 100

Where,

n = ordinal rank of the given value or value below the number

N = number of values in the data set

P = percentile

### Find the Percentile for 20 from the given set 12, 55, 7, 10, 40.

Arrange it in ascending order - 7, 10, 12, 40, 55

Number of scores below 20 = 3

Using percentile formula,

Percentile = (Number of Values Below “x” / Total Number of Values) × 100

Percentile of 20

= (3/10) × 100

= 0.3 × 100 = 30

Therefore, the percentile for score 20 = 30

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