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Area of Equilateral Triangle
The area of an equilateral triangle is the amount of space that an equilateral triangle covers in a 2dimensional plane. An equilateral triangle is a triangle with all sides equal and all its angles measuring 60º. The area of any shape is the number of unit squares that can fit into it. Here, 'unit' refers to one (1) and a unit square is a square with a side of 1 unit. Let us learn how to find the area of equilateral triangle using the equilateral triangle area formula with the help of solved examples.
What is the Area of an Equilateral Triangle?
The area of an equilateral triangle is defined as the region covered within the three sides of the triangle and is expressed in square units. Some important units used to express the area of an equilateral triangle are in^{2}, m^{2}, cm^{2}, yd^{2}, etc. Let us understand the formula that is used to calculate the area of an equilateral triangle and its derivation in the following sections.
Area of an Equilateral Triangle Formula
The equilateral triangle area formula is used to calculate the space occupied between the sides of the equilateral triangle in a 2D plane. Calculating areas of any geometrical shape is a very important skill used by many people in their work. Finding the area of a scalene triangle or an isosceles triangle involves a few extra steps and calculations. However, finding the area of an equilateral triangle is comparatively easier.
The general formula for the area of a triangle whose base and height are known is given as:
Area = 1/2 × base × height
While the formula to calculate the area of an equilateral triangle is given as,
Area = √3/4 × (side)^{2}
In the given triangle ABC, Area of ΔABC = (√3/4) × (side)^{2}, where, AB = BC = CA = a units
Thus, the formula for the area of the above equilateral triangle can be written as:
Area of equilateral triangle ΔABC = (√3/4) × a^{2}
Example: How to find the area of an equilateral triangle with one side of 4 units?
Solution:
Using the area of equilateral triangle formula: (√3/4) × a^{2},
we will substitute the values of the side length.
Therefore, the area of the equilateral triangle (√3/4) × 4^{2} = 4√3 square units.
Area of Equilateral Triangle Proof
In an equilateral triangle, all the sides are equal and all the internal angles are 60°. So, an equilateral triangle’s area can be calculated if the length of one side is known. The formula to calculate the area of an equilateral triangle is given as,
Area of an equilateral triangle = (√3/4) × a^{2}
where,
a = Length of each side of an equilateral triangle
The above formula to find the area of an equilateral triangle can be derived in the following ways:
 Using the general area of a triangle formula
 Using Heron's formula
 Using trigonometry
Deriving Equilateral Triangle's Area Using Area of Triangle Formula
The formula used to calculate the area of an equilateral triangle can be derived using the general area of the triangle formula. To do so, we require the length of each side and the height of the equilateral triangle. We will calculate the height of an equilateral triangle in terms of the side length.
The formula for the area of an equilateral triangle comes out from the general formula of the area of the triangle which is equal to ½ × base × height. The derivation for the formula of an equilateral triangle is given below.
Area of triangle = ½ × base × height
For finding the height of an equilateral triangle, we use the Pythagoras theorem (hypotenuse^{2 }= base^{2} + height^{2}).
Here, base = a/2, height = h, and hypotenuse = a (refer to the figure given above).
Now, apply the Pythagoras theorem in the triangle.
a^{2} = h^{2} + (a/2)^{2}
⇒ h^{2} = a^{2}  (a^{2}/4)
⇒ h^{2} = (3a^{2})/4
Or, h = ½(√3a)
Now, substitute this value of 'h' in the area of the triangle equation.
Area of Triangle = ½ × base × height
⇒ A = ½ × a × ½(√3a) [The base of the triangle is 'a' units]
Or, area of equilateral triangle = ¼(√3a^{2})
Therefore, the area of equilateral triangle = √3/4 × side^{2 }
Deriving Area of Equilateral Triangle Using Heron's Formula
Heron's formula is used to find the area of a triangle when the lengths of the 3 sides of the triangle are known. In mathematics, Heron's formula is named after Hero of Alexandria, who gives the area of any triangle when the lengths of all three sides are known. We do not use angles or other parameters for finding the area of a triangle using Heron's formula.
The following steps show the derivation of the formula for finding the area of a triangle:
Consider the triangle ABC with sides a, b, and c. Using the Heron's formula, we will find the area of the triangle is:
Area = √s(s  a)(s  b)(s  c)
where,
s is the semiperimeter which is calculated as follows:
s = (a + b + c)/2
For an equilateral triangle, a = b = c
s = (a + a + a)/2
s = 3a/2
Now, Area of equilateral triangle = \(\sqrt {s(s  a)(s  a)(s  a)}\)
= \(\sqrt {\frac{{3a}}{2}(\frac{{3a}}{2}  a)(\frac{{3a}}{2}  a)(\frac{{3a}}{2}  a)}\)
= \(\sqrt {\frac{3a}{2}(\frac{{a}}{2})(\frac{{a}}{2})(\frac{{a}}{2})}\)
= \(\sqrt{\frac{3a}{2}(\frac{{a^3}}{8}})\)
=\(\sqrt{({\frac{{3a^4}}{16}})}\)
Therefore, Area of equilateral triangle = √3/4 × (side)^{2}
Deriving Area of Equilateral Triangle With 2 Sides and Included Angle (SAS)
For finding the area of a triangle with 2 sides and the included angle, use the sine trigonometric function to calculate the height of a triangle and use that value to find the area of the triangle. There are three variations to the same formula based on which sides and included angle are given.
Consider a, b, and c are the different sides of a triangle.
 When sides 'b' and 'c' and included angle A is known, the area of the triangle is: 1/2 × bc × sin(A)
 When sides 'b' and 'a' and included angle C is known, the area of the triangle is: 1/2 × ab × sin(C)
 When sides 'a' and 'c' and included angle B is known, the area of the triangle is: 1/2 × ac × sin(B)
In an equilateral triangle, ∠A = ∠B = ∠C = 60°. Therefore, sin A = sin B = sin C. Now, area of △ABC = 1/2 × b × c × sin(A) = 1/2 × a × b × sin(C) = 1/2 × a × c × sin(B).
For an equilateral triangle, a = b = c (refer to the figure given above).
Area = 1/2 × a × a × sin(C) = 1/2 × a^{2} × sin(60°) = 1/2 × a^{2} × √3/2
So, area of equilateral triangle = (√3/4)a^{2}
How to Find the Area of Equilateral Triangle?
The following steps can be followed to find the area of an equilateral triangle using the side length:
 Step 1: Note the measure of the side length of the equilateral triangle.
 Step 2: Apply the formula to calculate the equilateral triangle's area given as, A = (√3/4)a^{2}, where, a is the measure of the side length of the equilateral triangle.
 Step 3: Express the answer with the appropriate unit.
Now, that we have learned the formula and method to calculate the area of the equilateral triangle, let us see a few solved examples to find the area of an equilateral triangle.
Examples on Area of Equilateral Triangle

Example 1: Find the area of an equilateral triangle of side 9 cm.
Solution:
The formula for the area of an equilateral triangle is given as,
Area = √(3)/4 × (Side)^{2}
By substituting the value of side length in the above formula, we get,
= √(3)/4 × 9^{2}
= 35.07 inches^{2}
Answer: Area of equilateral triangle = 35.07 inches^{2}

Example 2: Using the equilateral triangle area formula, calculate the area of an equilateral triangle whose each side is 12 in.
Solution:
Given: Side = 12 in
Using the equilateral triangle area formula,
Area = √(3)/4 × (Side)^{2}
= √(3)/4 × (12)^{2}
= 36√3
Therefore, the equilateral triangle area is 36√3 in^{2} = 62.35 in^{2}
Answer: Area of the given equilateral triangle = 62.35 in^{2}

Example 3: What is the area of an equilateral triangle with side 2 cm?
Solution:
Given: Side = 2 cm
Using the equilateral triangle area formula,
Area = √(3)/4 × (Side)^{2}
= √(3)/4 × (2)^{2}
= 1.732 cm^{2}
Therefore, the equilateral triangle area is 1.732 cm^{2}
Answer: Area of the given equilateral triangle = 1.732 cm^{2}
FAQs on Area of an Equilateral Triangle
What is the Area of an Equilateral Triangle in Math?
The area of an equilateral triangle in math is the region enclosed within the three sides of the equilateral triangle. It is expressed in square units or (unit)^{2}.
What is the Formula of Equilateral Triangle Area?
We can calculate the area of an equilateral triangle if we know the length of each side which is equal in this case. The formula which is used to find the area of an equilateral triangle is expressed as, Area of equilateral triangle = √3/4 × (side)^{2}
☛ Also Check:
How to Find the Area and Perimeter of Equilateral Triangle?
The area of an equilateral triangle can be calculated using the formula, Area of equilateral triangle = √3/4 × (side)^{2}, while the perimeter of an equilateral triangle is the total length of its boundary which can be calculated using the formula, perimeter of an equilateral triangle = 3a, where 'a' is the side length.
What is the Formula for Height of an Equilateral Triangle?
If we know the area of an equilateral triangle, we can find the measure of each side using the formula, Area = √3/4 × (side)^{2}. After we know the side length of the equilateral triangle, we can find the height of an equilateral triangle using this side length and the Pythagoras theorem. After using this Pythagoras theorem, we get the formula of height as, Height of equilateral triangle = ½ × (√3 × side).
How to Find the Sides of an Equilateral Triangle if the Area of an Equilateral Triangle is known?
If the area of an equilateral triangle is known, we substitute the given value in the following formula and solve for the side length.
Area of equilateral triangle = (√3/4)a^{2};^{ }where 'a' is the length of the side of the equilateral triangle.
What is the Use of the Area of Equilateral Triangle Calculator?
The area of an equilateral triangle calculator is an online tool used to determine the area. This is the quickest mode to calculate the area of an equilateral triangle by providing an input value such as the length of the side. Try Cuemath's area of an equilateral triangle calculator now and calculate the area in a few seconds.
What is the Area of Equilateral Triangle with Side 2 cm?
The area of an equilateral triangle with side 2 cm can be calculated using the formula, Area of an equilateral triangle = √3/4 × (side)^{2}. By substituting the value of the side as 2, we get Area = √3/4 × (2)^{2 }= √3 cm^{2}. Therefore, the area of an equilateral triangle with a side length of 2 cm is √3 or 1.732 square centimeters.
What is the Equilateral Triangle Area Formula with Height?
The equilateral triangle area formula with height is expressed as, area of equilateral triangle = height^{2}/√3. This means if we know the height of an equilateral triangle, then the area can be calculated using this formula.
How to Find Area of Equilateral Triangle without Height?
When the height of the triangle is not given, then the equilateral triangle area can be calculated using its side length by using the formula, Area = √3/4 × (side)^{2}
How to Find Area of Equilateral Triangle with Perimeter?
When the perimeter of an equilateral triangle is known, then we can first find the side of the triangle by dividing the perimeter by 3. Then, we can find the area of the equilateral triangle. For example, if the perimeter of an equilateral triangle is 21 cm, then each side will be 21/3 = 7 cm. Now, that we know the side length as 7 cm, we can find the area of the equilateral triangle using the formula, Area of equilateral triangle = √3/4 × (side)^{2} = √3/4 × (7)^{2} = 21.22 cm^{2}
What is the Side of Equilateral Triangle Formula?
The side of an equilateral triangle can be calculated if the area of an equilateral triangle is known. The given value of the area can be substituted in the same formula can be used, that is, Area = √3/4 × (side)^{2}. For example, if we know that the area of an equilateral triangle is 36 cm^{2}, then let us find the side using the formula, 36 = √3/4 × (side)^{2}. So (side)^{2} = (36 × 4)/√3 = 144/1.732. Now, (side)^{2} = 144/1.732, so side = √(144/1.732) = √83.14 = 9.11 cm.
How to Find Area of Equilateral Triangle with Height?
When the height of an equilateral triangle is known, we can find its area using the formula, area of triangle = height^{2}/√3. For example, if the height of an equilateral triangle is given as 6 units, then the area will be, area = height^{2}/√3. After substituting the value, we get, area = 6^{2}/√3 = 36/√3 = 12√3 = 20.785 unit^{2}
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