Fill in the blanks using the correct word given in brackets:
(i) All circles are______. (congruent, similar)
(ii) All squares are________. (similar, congruent)
(iii) All_________triangles are similar. (isosceles, equilateral)
(iv) Two polygons of the same number of sides are similar, if (a) their corresponding angles are________and (b) their corresponding sides are______________. (equal, proportional)
(i) As we know that two similar figures have the same shape but not necessarily the same size. (The same size means radii of the circles are equal)
(ii) As we know that two similar figures have the same shape but not necessarily the same size. (The same size means sides of the squares are equal.)
So, all squares are similar, since the sides of the squares are not given equal.
- Since the polygons have the same number of sides, we can find each angle using the formula, (2n - 4)/n right angles. Here ‘n’ is the number of sides of the polygon.
- We can verify by comparing corresponding sides.
Class 10 Maths NCERT Solutions - Chapter 6 Exercise 6.1 Question 1:
Final Answer: All circles are similar. All squares are similar. All equilateral triangles are similar. Two polygons of the same number of sides are similar if their corresponding angles are equal and their corresponding sides are proportional