# Year 1 Maths

**Year 1 Maths** plays an important role for students because it helps them understand the basics of the subject and develops confidence in them with topics like counting, whole numbers, place value, and so on. It includes identification of shapes, understanding pattern recognition, playing of number games and identification of the concepts using the objects of daily life in a very practical and easy way. Therefore, studying each and every topic covered under year 1 maths has its own significance.

## Year 1 Maths Curriculum

Year 1 Maths curriculum is carefully prepared to help young learners acquire basic mathematical concepts with ease. The year 1 Maths curriculum comprises topics related to counting, recognising shapes and so on. The list of the complete curriculum is helpful because it helps to know what a child needs to know at this level.

**Number - Number and Place Value**

- Count, read and write numbers up to 100, forward and backward, beginning from 0 or 1.
- Count in multiples of 2s, 5s, and 10s.
- Identify 1 more than a number and 1 less than a number.
- Identify and show numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line and use the language, equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least
- Read and write numbers starting from 1 to 20 in numerals as well as in words.

**Number - Addition and Subtraction**

- Use the signs of addition, subtraction and 'equal to' and solve practical problems.
- Read, write and interpret mathematical statements that involve addition (+), subtraction (-) and equal (=) sign.
- Use number bonds and related subtraction facts with numbers up to 20.
- Add and subtract 1-digit numbers and 2-digit numbers up to 20, including 0.
- Solve one-step problems involving addition and subtraction by using pictorial representations and missing number problems like 6 = ? - 2.

**Number - Multiplication and Division**

Solve one-step problems that involve multiplication and division by using concrete objects and pictorial representations.

**Number - Fractions**

- Recognise and name 'a half' as 1 out of 2 equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.
- Recognise and name 'a quarter' as 1 out of 4 equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.

**Measurement**

- Compare, describe and solve practical problems that involve lengths and heights, for example, long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half, mass/weight, capacity and volume, time.
- Understand the value of different denominations of notes and coins.
- Use and understand the language related to dates, including days of the week, months, and years.
- Tell the time as per the hour and draw the hands on a clock to show these times.

**Geometry - Properties of Shapes**

Recognise and name common shapes that include the following:

- 2D shapes, such as, rectangles, squares, circles, triangles.
- 3D shapes, like, cubes, cuboids, pyramids, and spheres.

## Year 1 Maths Objectives

The objective of year 1 Maths is to develop various real-life skills in students. At this level, the curriculum aims at instilling the following concepts.

**Number - Number and Place Value**

Under this topic, the students should be able to practice counting (1, 2, 3…), ordering, for example, first, second, third…, and indicate a quantity, for example, 3 apples, 2 centimeters, including solving simple concrete problems. It includes recognition of place value in numbers beyond 20 by reading, writing, counting, and comparing numbers up to 100, supported by objects and pictorial representations. This includes counting and recitation of numbers and counting as enumerating objects and counting in twos, fives and tens from different multiples to develop their recognition of patterns in the number system, like, odd and even numbers. Apart from this, it has recognition and creation of repeating patterns with objects and with shapes.

**Number - Addition and Subtraction**

This includes memorisation and reasoning with number bonds to 10 and 20 in several forms (for example, 9 + 7 = 16; 16 - 7 = 9; 7 = 16 - 9). The effect of adding or subtracting zero is recognised. Combination of numbers, counting forwards and backwards, solving problems in familiar practical contexts, including using quantities. The following terms are used to make concepts stronger: put together, add, altogether, total, take away, distance between, difference between, more than and less than.

**Number - Multiplication and Division**

This includes grouping and sharing small quantities, the concept of multiplication and division; doubling numbers and quantities; and finding simple fractions of objects, numbers and quantities. Relation between arrays, number patterns, and counting in 2s, 5s and 10s.

**Number - Fractions**

This covers the concept of half and quarter as ‘fractions of’ discrete and continuous quantities by solving problems using shapes, objects and quantities. Recognition of half a length, quantity, set of objects or shape. Connecting halves and quarters to the equal sharing and grouping of sets of objects and to measures, as well as recognising and combining halves and quarters as parts of a whole.

**Measurement**

Understanding the difference between the terms like mass and weight, volume and capacity. Comparison of different types of quantities and measures using non-standard units, including discrete, for example, counting, and continuous, for example, liquid measurement, to using manageable common standard units. Usage of measuring tools such as a ruler, weighing scales and containers is done. Understand and tell the time throughout the day using o’clock and then using terms like half past.

**Geometry - Properties of Shapes**

Identification of common 2-D and 3-D shapes and related everyday objects. Recognition of these shapes in different orientations and sizes, like rectangles, triangles, cuboids and pyramids.

## Year 1 Maths Tips and Tricks

- One of the best ways to make the students understand the mathematical concepts at this level is to ask questions. This helps to clear the doubts and help them understand anything that they might have missed out on.
- Another way is to connect these concepts with routine activities and making it fun.
- Then, consistent practice is the most important because it helps to improve the numeracy skills and helps in promoting their interest in Maths.

## FAQs on Year 1 Maths

### What Numbers Should Children Know in Year 1 Maths?

In Year 1 Maths, children should know counting up to 100 and multiples of 1, 2, 5 and 10. They should be able to count these numbers aloud using objects like sticks or number lines. They learn the basics of addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, fractions, measurement and recognition of shapes. A detailed curriculum of year 1 Maths is given above on this page that can be used as a reference.

### How to Teach Maths in Year 1?

In year 1 Maths, the students need to be made familiar with the concept of the topics by relating it to their day-to-day lives. For example, in the topic of numbers, the students should be able to practice counting from 1 to 20 using the objects such as balls, pencils, etc. They should be made to recognise place value in numbers beyond 20 by reading, writing, counting, and comparing numbers up to 100, supported by objects and pictorial representations.

### What Times Table Should Year 1 Know?

A student studying year 1 Math should be able to count in multiples of 2, 5, and 10. This means they should be be knowing the times tables of 2, 5 and 10.

### What should a Child Know in Maths in Year 1?

In year 1 Math, a child should know the following concepts:

- Number and Place Value: Count forwards and backwards from 1 to 100. They should be able to write and read numbers up to 20 in numerals and words
- Addition and subtraction: Use simple addition and subtraction and equal sign.
- Multiplication and Division: Solve one-step simple problems of multiplication and division using objects and pictorial representations.
- Fractions: Recognise a half as one of two equal parts and a quarter as one of four equal parts.
- Measurement: Solve practical problems that involve lengths, heights, capacity, volume, mass and weight.
- Geometry: They should be able to recognise 2D and 3D shapes.

### What are the Lessons in Year 1 Maths?

The lessons and topics that are learnt by the students in year 1 Maths are given as follows:

- Number and Place Value
- Addition and Subtraction
- Multiplication and Division
- Fractions
- Measurement
- Geometry

### How to Assess Year 1 Maths?

The assessment of year 1 Maths can be done by asking regular questions to students after each topic is completed. Apart from oral questions, if the questions are given in the form of worksheets, it helps them answer the questions in an organised manner. This helps us to know how much the child has understood and what are the concepts that he/she needs to work upon. Year 1 Maths Worksheets are also helpful because the students are able to answer questions by looking at the pictorial representations and objects given in them.

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