HCF of 3 and 5
HCF of 3 and 5 is the largest possible number that divides 3 and 5 exactly without any remainder. The factors of 3 and 5 are 1, 3 and 1, 5 respectively. There are 3 commonly used methods to find the HCF of 3 and 5  long division, prime factorization, and Euclidean algorithm.
1.  HCF of 3 and 5 
2.  List of Methods 
3.  Solved Examples 
4.  FAQs 
What is HCF of 3 and 5?
Answer: HCF of 3 and 5 is 1.
Explanation:
The HCF of two nonzero integers, x(3) and y(5), is the highest positive integer m(1) that divides both x(3) and y(5) without any remainder.
Methods to Find HCF of 3 and 5
The methods to find the HCF of 3 and 5 are explained below.
 Listing Common Factors
 Prime Factorization Method
 Long Division Method
HCF of 3 and 5 by Listing Common Factors
 Factors of 3: 1, 3
 Factors of 5: 1, 5
Since 1 is the only common factor between 3 and 5. The highest common factor of 3 and 5 is 1.
HCF of 3 and 5 by Prime Factorization
Prime factorization of 3 and 5 is (3) and (5) respectively. As visible, there are no common prime factors between 3 and 5, i.e. they are coprime. Hence, the HCF of 3 and 5 will be 1.
HCF of 3 and 5 by Long Division
HCF of 3 and 5 is the divisor that we get when the remainder becomes 0 after doing long division repeatedly.
 Step 1: Divide 5 (larger number) by 3 (smaller number).
 Step 2: Since the remainder ≠ 0, we will divide the divisor of step 1 (3) by the remainder (2).
 Step 3: Repeat this process until the remainder = 0.
The corresponding divisor (1) is the HCF of 3 and 5.
☛ Also Check:
 HCF of 27 and 45 = 9
 HCF of 32 and 40 = 8
 HCF of 3 and 7 = 1
 HCF of 4 and 16 = 4
 HCF of 2, 4 and 8 = 2
 HCF of 17, 23 and 29 = 1
 HCF of 24, 36 and 40 = 4
HCF of 3 and 5 Examples

Example 1: For two numbers, HCF = 1 and LCM = 15. If one number is 5, find the other number.
Solution:
Given: HCF (z, 5) = 1 and LCM (z, 5) = 15
∵ HCF × LCM = 5 × (z)
⇒ z = (HCF × LCM)/5
⇒ z = (1 × 15)/5
⇒ z = 3
Therefore, the other number is 3. 
Example 2: Find the highest number that divides 3 and 5 exactly.
Solution:
The highest number that divides 3 and 5 exactly is their highest common factor, i.e. HCF of 3 and 5.
⇒ Factors of 3 and 5: Factors of 3 = 1, 3
 Factors of 5 = 1, 5
Therefore, the HCF of 3 and 5 is 1.

Example 3: The product of two numbers is 15. If their HCF is 1, what is their LCM?
Solution:
Given: HCF = 1 and product of numbers = 15
∵ LCM × HCF = product of numbers
⇒ LCM = Product/HCF = 15/1
Therefore, the LCM is 15.
FAQs on HCF of 3 and 5
What is the HCF of 3 and 5?
The HCF of 3 and 5 is 1. To calculate the Highest common factor of 3 and 5, we need to factor each number (factors of 3 = 1, 3; factors of 5 = 1, 5) and choose the highest factor that exactly divides both 3 and 5, i.e., 1.
What is the Relation Between LCM and HCF of 3, 5?
The following equation can be used to express the relation between the least common multiple and HCF of 3 and 5, i.e. HCF × LCM = 3 × 5.
If the HCF of 5 and 3 is 1, Find its LCM.
HCF(5, 3) × LCM(5, 3) = 5 × 3
Since the HCF of 5 and 3 = 1
⇒ 1 × LCM(5, 3) = 15
Therefore, LCM = 15
☛ HCF Calculator
What are the Methods to Find HCF of 3 and 5?
There are three commonly used methods to find the HCF of 3 and 5.
 By Euclidean Algorithm
 By Prime Factorization
 By Long Division
How to Find the HCF of 3 and 5 by Prime Factorization?
To find the HCF of 3 and 5, we will find the prime factorization of the given numbers, i.e. 3 = 3; 5 = 5.
⇒ There is no common prime factor for 3 and 5. Hence, HCF (3, 5) = 1.
☛ Prime Numbers
How to Find the HCF of 3 and 5 by Long Division Method?
To find the HCF of 3, 5 using the long division method, 5 is divided by 3. The corresponding divisor (1) when remainder equals 0 is taken as HCF.
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