Coprime Numbers
Two numbers or integers are coprime if their common factor is only 1. There should be a minimum of two numbers to form a set of coprime numbers. Such numbers have only 1 as their highest common factor, for example, {4 and 7}, {5, 7, 9} are coprime numbers. Coprime numbers need not be prime numbers always. Two composite numbers like 4 and 9 also form a pair of coprimes.
1.  What are Coprime Numbers? 
2.  Properties of Coprime Numbers 
3.  Coprime and Twin Prime Numbers 
4.  Coprime Numbers from 1 to 100 
5.  FAQs on Coprime Numbers 
What are Coprime Numbers?
If the only common factor of two numbers a and b is 1, then a and b are coprime numbers. In this case, (a, b) is said to be a coprime pair. Coprime numbers are also referred to as relatively prime or mutually prime numbers.
How to Find Coprime Numbers?
To find whether any two numbers are coprime, we first find their GCF. If their GCF is 1, we can say that they are coprime.
Example 1: Let us consider two numbers 5 and 9. The factors of 5 are 1 and 8. The factors of 9 are 1,3 and 9. The factor that is common to both 5 and 9 is 1. GCF of (5,9)=1. Thus, (5, 9) is a coprime pair.
Example 2: Let us consider two numbers 6 and 10. The factors of 6 are 1, 2, 3, and 6. The factors of 10 are 1, 2, 5, and 10. Factors that are common to both 6 and 10 are 1 and 2. So GCF (6, 10) = 2. Thus, (6,10) is NOT a coprime pair.
Properties of Coprime Numbers
Coprime numbers can be identified easily with the help of some properties that are explained below:
 The HCF of two coprime numbers is always 1. For example, 5 and 9 are coprime numbers, and hence, HCF (5, 9)=1.
 The LCM of two coprime numbers is always their product. For example, 5 and 9 are coprime numbers. Hence, LCM (5,9) = 45.
 1 forms a coprime number pair with every number.
 Two even numbers cannot be coprime numbers as they always have 2 as the common factor.
 The sum of two coprime numbers is always coprime with their product. For example, 5 and 9 are coprime numbers. Here, 5+9=14 is coprime with 5 × 9=45.
 Two prime numbers are always coprime. They have only 1 as their common factor. Consider 29 and 31. 29 has 2 prime factors, 1 and 29 only. 31 has 2 prime factors, 1 and 31 only. 29 and 31 are prime numbers. They have only one common factor 1. Thus they are coprime. We can check any two prime numbers and get them as coprime. For example, 2 and 3, 5 and 7, 11 and 13, and so on.
 All pairs of two consecutive numbers are coprime numbers. Any two consecutive numbers have 1 as their common factor.
Consider a few pairs of such numbers. Let us try with 14 and 15.
Numbers  14  15 
Factors  1,2,7,14  1,3,5,15 
Common Factor  1 
There are multiple such combinations as 1 is the only common factor.
Coprime and Twin Prime Numbers
Coprime numbers are those whose HCF is 1 or two numbers whose only common factor is 1 are known as coprime numbers. On the other hand, twin prime numbers are those prime numbers whose difference is always 2. For example, 3 and 5 are twin prime numbers.
 Twin numbers are always prime numbers while coprime numbers can be composite numbers as well.
 Difference between two twin primes is always 2 while the difference between two coprimes can be any number.
 All the pairs of twin prime numbers are also coprime, while all coprime numbers may or may not be twin primes.
 1 forms a coprime pair with every number, while it forms twin prime pair with only 3.
Coprime Numbers from 1 to 100
Some of the coprime number pairs that exist from 1 to 100 are (1, 2), (3, 67), (2, 7), (99, 100), (34, 79), (54, 67), (10, 11), etc. There are so many pairs that can be listed as coprime numbers from 1 to 100 based on the above properties. So, try out forming more such pairs of coprime numbers by yourself.
Important Notes:
 Two numbers are coprime if their GCF is 1 and vice versa.
 Coprime numbers don't need to be prime numbers. For example, 12 and 35 are coprime numbers. However, 12 and 35 are NOT prime numbers.
Tips and Tricks:
 Any two prime numbers are coprime.
 Any two consecutive numbers are coprime.
 1 forms a coprime pair with any other number.
 A prime number is coprime with any other number that is not it's multiple.
 Two even numbers are NEVER coprime.
Solved Example

Example 1: Show that 161 and 192 are coprime numbers.
Solution:
We will find the HCF of the given numbers 161 and 192 using the division method.
The HCF of 161 and 192 is 1. Thus, they are coprime numbers.

Example 2 a): If 59 and 97 are coprime, what would be their HCF?
Solution:
It is given that 59 and 97 are coprime. They cannot have any common factor other than 1. Hence, their HCF is 1.
Example 2 b): If 13 and 5 are coprime numbers, what is their LCM?
Solution:
It is given that 13 and 5 are coprime numbers. Hence, their LCM is equal to their product, 13 × 5 = 65. Therefore, LCM (13,5)=65.
Practice Questions on Coprime Numbers
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FAQs on Coprime Numbers
What are Coprime Numbers in Math?
If the only factor of two numbers a and b is 1, then a and b are coprime numbers. It is very difficult to determine the coprime numbers list.
What is the Difference Between Prime and Coprime Numbers?
A prime number is a number that is greater than 1 which has exactly two factors 1 and itself. Coprime numbers are numbers whose HCF (Highest Common Factor) is 1.
How to Find the Coprime of a Number?
The HCF of two coprime numbers is 1. Thus, to find the coprime number of a number, it is sufficient to find a number that is NOT divisible by any of the factors of the given number.
Which Numbers are Identified as Coprime Numbers?
A single number cannot be coprime. Two numbers are said to be coprime if their HCF is 1.
Are 18 and 35 Coprime Numbers?
The factors of 18 are 1,2,3,6,18. The factors of 35 are 1,5,7,35. 18 and 35 have no common factor other than 1. Thus, 18 and 35 are coprime.
Are Coprime Numbers Always Prime Numbers?
No, coprime numbers don't have to be prime numbers. For example, 18 and 25 are coprime numbers as their HCF is 1. But 18 and 25 are NOT prime numbers.
What is the HCF of Two Coprime Numbers?
HCF of two coprime numbers is always 1. As 1 is the only common factor of two coprime numbers.
Are Twin Prime Numbers Always Coprime?
Yes. Twin prime numbers are always coprime as they are a pair of even numbers and even numbers have only 1 as the common factor.