LCM of 5 and 10
LCM of 5 and 10 is the smallest number among all common multiples of 5 and 10. The first few multiples of 5 and 10 are (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, . . . ) and (10, 20, 30, 40, . . . ) respectively. There are 3 commonly used methods to find LCM of 5 and 10  by division method, by listing multiples, and by prime factorization.
1.  LCM of 5 and 10 
2.  List of Methods 
3.  Solved Examples 
4.  FAQs 
What is the LCM of 5 and 10?
Answer: LCM of 5 and 10 is 10.
Explanation:
The LCM of two nonzero integers, x(5) and y(10), is the smallest positive integer m(10) that is divisible by both x(5) and y(10) without any remainder.
Methods to Find LCM of 5 and 10
The methods to find the LCM of 5 and 10 are explained below.
 By Division Method
 By Prime Factorization Method
 By Listing Multiples
LCM of 5 and 10 by Division Method
To calculate the LCM of 5 and 10 by the division method, we will divide the numbers(5, 10) by their prime factors (preferably common). The product of these divisors gives the LCM of 5 and 10.
 Step 1: Find the smallest prime number that is a factor of at least one of the numbers, 5 and 10. Write this prime number(2) on the left of the given numbers(5 and 10), separated as per the ladder arrangement.
 Step 2: If any of the given numbers (5, 10) is a multiple of 2, divide it by 2 and write the quotient below it. Bring down any number that is not divisible by the prime number.
 Step 3: Continue the steps until only 1s are left in the last row.
The LCM of 5 and 10 is the product of all prime numbers on the left, i.e. LCM(5, 10) by division method = 2 × 5 = 10.
LCM of 5 and 10 by Prime Factorization
Prime factorization of 5 and 10 is (5) = 5^{1} and (2 × 5) = 2^{1} × 5^{1} respectively. LCM of 5 and 10 can be obtained by multiplying prime factors raised to their respective highest power, i.e. 2^{1} × 5^{1} = 10.
Hence, the LCM of 5 and 10 by prime factorization is 10.
LCM of 5 and 10 by Listing Multiples
To calculate the LCM of 5 and 10 by listing out the common multiples, we can follow the given below steps:
 Step 1: List a few multiples of 5 (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, . . . ) and 10 (10, 20, 30, 40, . . . . )
 Step 2: The common multiples from the multiples of 5 and 10 are 10, 20, . . .
 Step 3: The smallest common multiple of 5 and 10 is 10.
∴ The least common multiple of 5 and 10 = 10.
☛ Also Check:
 LCM of 8, 12 and 15  120
 LCM of 15 and 90  90
 LCM of 12 and 18  36
 LCM of 12, 16, 24 and 36  144
 LCM of 5 and 16  80
 LCM of 60 and 66  660
 LCM of 4, 5 and 8  40
LCM of 5 and 10 Examples

Example 1: Verify the relationship between GCF and LCM of 5 and 10.
Solution:
The relation between GCF and LCM of 5 and 10 is given as,
LCM(5, 10) × GCF(5, 10) = Product of 5, 10
Prime factorization of 5 and 10 is given as, 5 = (5) = 5^{1} and 10 = (2 × 5) = 2^{1} × 5^{1}
LCM(5, 10) = 10
GCF(5, 10) = 5
LHS = LCM(5, 10) × GCF(5, 10) = 10 × 5 = 50
RHS = Product of 5, 10 = 5 × 10 = 50
⇒ LHS = RHS = 50
Hence, verified. 
Example 2: The product of two numbers is 50. If their GCD is 5, what is their LCM?
Solution:
Given: GCD = 5
product of numbers = 50
∵ LCM × GCD = product of numbers
⇒ LCM = Product/GCD = 50/5
Therefore, the LCM is 10.
The probable combination for the given case is LCM(5, 10) = 10. 
Example 3: Find the smallest number that is divisible by 5 and 10 exactly.
Solution:
The smallest number that is divisible by 5 and 10 exactly is their LCM.
⇒ Multiples of 5 and 10: Multiples of 5 = 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, . . . .
 Multiples of 10 = 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, . . . .
Therefore, the LCM of 5 and 10 is 10.
FAQs on LCM of 5 and 10
What is the LCM of 5 and 10?
The LCM of 5 and 10 is 10. To find the LCM of 5 and 10, we need to find the multiples of 5 and 10 (multiples of 5 = 5, 10, 15, 20; multiples of 10 = 10, 20, 30, 40) and choose the smallest multiple that is exactly divisible by 5 and 10, i.e., 10.
How to Find the LCM of 5 and 10 by Prime Factorization?
To find the LCM of 5 and 10 using prime factorization, we will find the prime factors, (5 = 5) and (10 = 2 × 5). LCM of 5 and 10 is the product of prime factors raised to their respective highest exponent among the numbers 5 and 10.
⇒ LCM of 5, 10 = 2^{1} × 5^{1} = 10.
If the LCM of 10 and 5 is 10, Find its GCF.
LCM(10, 5) × GCF(10, 5) = 10 × 5
Since the LCM of 10 and 5 = 10
⇒ 10 × GCF(10, 5) = 50
Therefore, the GCF (greatest common factor) = 50/10 = 5.
What is the Least Perfect Square Divisible by 5 and 10?
The least number divisible by 5 and 10 = LCM(5, 10)
LCM of 5 and 10 = 2 × 5 [Incomplete pair(s): 2, 5]
⇒ Least perfect square divisible by each 5 and 10 = LCM(5, 10) × 2 × 5 = 100 [Square root of 100 = √100 = ±10]
Therefore, 100 is the required number.
What is the Relation Between GCF and LCM of 5, 10?
The following equation can be used to express the relation between GCF and LCM of 5 and 10, i.e. GCF × LCM = 5 × 10.
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