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# Year 2 Maths

**Year 2 Maths** helps develop math skills in students and builds up detailed and important concepts covering the same topics as covered in year 1. It includes place value, addition and subtraction, geometry, along with the basics of Statistics. While Statistics is a new topic for this year, the rest of the topics are the same with a little more detailed study. Hence, each topic covered under year 2 maths holds unique importance.

## Year 2 Maths Curriculum

Year 2 Maths curriculum is prepared in such a way that the basic mathematical concepts can be understood with ease. The list of the complete curriculum is helpful because it helps to know what a child needs to know at this level.

**Number - Number and Place Value**

- Count in steps of 2, 3, 5 from 0, and in 10s from any number, forward and backward.
- Recognise the place value of the digits in a 2-digit number. (10s, 1s)
- Identify and show numbers with the help of the number line.
- Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use of <, > and = signs
- Read and write numbers up to 100 in numerals as well as in words.
- Use place value and the various number facts to solve problems.

**Number - Addition and Subtraction**

- Solve problems with addition and subtraction using pictorial representations.
- Use addition and subtraction facts up to 20 and derive the related facts up to 100.
- Add and subtract numbers using pictorial representations, including two-digit numbers and adding 3 one-digit numbers.
- Show that the addition of 2 numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and that the subtraction of one number from another cannot be done in any order other than one.
- Use the inverse relationship between subtraction and addition to solve problems on missing numbers.

**Number - Multiplication and Division**

- Use multiplication and division facts for the multiplication tables of 2, 5 and 10, and recognise odd and even numbers.
- Solve mathematical statements of multiplication and division using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equal to (=) signs.
- Show that multiplication of 2 numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of 1 number by another cannot be done in any order other than one.
- Solve problems of multiplication and division, using repeated addition, materials, arrays, and mental methods, and multiplication and division facts.

**Number - Fractions**

- Recognise and write fractions 1/3, 1/4, 2/4 and 3/4 of a length, shape, or set of objects.
- Write fractions, 1/2 of 6 = 3 and understand the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2

**Measurement**

- Use the correct standard units to measure length or height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) using rulers, thermometers, scales, and measuring vessels.
- Compare and arrange mass, volume/capacity, lengths, and record the results using the following signs, >, < and =
- Use symbols that represent pounds (£) and pence (p);
- Find different combinations of coins that are equal to the same amount of money.
- Solve simple problems in a practical context that involves addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change.
- Compare and sequence intervals of time.
- Comprehend the time up to five minutes, which includes quarter past/to the hour.
- Understand the number of minutes that are there in an hour and the number of hours that are there in a day.

**Geometry - Properties of Shapes**

- Identify the properties of 2D shapes, the number of sides and line symmetry.
- Identify the properties of 3D shapes, the number of edges, vertices and faces.
- Identify 2 Dimensional shapes (2D shapes) on the surface of 3 Dimensional shapes (3D shapes).
- Compare and segregate 2D and 3D shapes..

**Geometry - Position and Direction**

- Arrange combinations of mathematical objects in sequences.
- Use the correct mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement in a straight line. Distinguish between terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise)

**Statistics**

- Interpret and understand pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and tables.
- Provide an answer to simple questions by counting the number of objects given in each category and sorting the categories according to the quantity.
- Answer questions about comparing categorical data.

## Year 2 Maths Objectives

The objective of year 2 Maths is to develop various real-life skills in students. At this level, the curriculum aims at instilling the following concepts and ensuring that these notes and guidelines are followed. This means at the end of year 2, the students should be fluent in the following concepts.

**Number - Number and Place Value**

- Understanding large numbers for further recognition of patterns within the number system.
- Partition of numbers in different ways, for example, 26 = 20 + 6 and 26 = 10 + 16.
- Understand the use of 0 (zero) as a placeholder.

**Number - Addition and Subtraction**

- Understanding of the language of addition and subtraction.
- Derivation of facts such as using 4 + 5 = 9, 9 - 5 = 4 and 9 - 4 = 5 to calculate 40 + 50 = 90, 90 - 40 = 50, and 90 - 50 = 40. Check calculations using these facts.
- Understanding the basic commutative property and associative property of addition.
- Recording addition and subtraction in columns to support place value and preparation of formal written methods with larger numbers.

**Number - Multiplication and Division**

- Understanding the variety of language to describe multiplication and division.
- Fluency in the multiplication tables of 2, 5, and 10. Relationship between the multiplication table of 10 to place value, and the multiplication table of 5 to the divisions on the clock face.
- Relation of fractions and measures, for example, 60 ÷ 2 = 30, and 30 is half of 60.
- Using inverse relations to multiplicative reasoning, for example, 3 × 4 = 12 and 12 ÷ 4 = 3

**Number - Fractions**

- Forming fractions of lengths, quantities, sets of objects or shapes. Understanding non-unit fractions.
- Knowing fractions up to 10 starting from any number.
- Understanding the equivalence of fractions like 1/2 and 2/4.

**Measurement**

- Using appropriate language and record using standard abbreviations.
- Comparison of measures including simple multiples like, 'half as high'; 'twice as wide'.
- Fluency in telling time on analogue clocks
- Fluency in counting and recognising coins and symbols like £ and p reading pounds and pence accurately.

**Geometry - Properties of Shapes**

- Identification of the properties of each shape, for example, the number of sides, and the number of faces.
- Understanding of terms like sides, vertices and faces.

## Year 2 Maths Tips and Tricks

Here is a list of a few tips that can help students perform well in year 2 Maths.

- The most commonly used trick to make the students understand the mathematical concepts at this level is to ask questions. This helps to clear the doubts and help them understand anything that they might have missed out on.
- The concepts can be linked to day-to-day activities.
- Regular practice is the most important because it helps to improve the accuracy, efficiency and speed.

## FAQs on Year 2 Maths

### What is Taught in Year 2 Maths?

In year 2 Maths, students are taught important concepts of the same topics as covered in year 1, with a more detailed approach. The only change is the addition of an extra topic of Statistics. A detailed curriculum of year 2 Maths is given above on this page that can be used as a reference.

### How to Teach Division to Year 2?

In Year 2 Maths the following tips can be used to teach division.

- First of all, they should be taught that the division of any 2 numbers cannot be done in any order like it is done in multiplication and addition. This means that division does not follow the commutative property.
- The students should be made to understand the variety of language that describes division.
- Fluency in the multiplication tables of 2, 5, and 10 helps in division.
- The relation of fractions and measures helps them understand concepts, for example, 60 ÷ 2 = 30, and 30 is half of 60.
- Using inverse relations to multiplicative reasoning also helps them understand better, for example, 3 × 4 = 12 and 12 ÷ 4 = 3

### How to Teach Maths in Year 2?

Year 2 Maths often becomes a little vast for the students. However, if it is taught in a structured way understanding the pace of the students, it becomes easier. For example, the concepts of the students need to be checked. We need to check if the students know how to count, read and write numbers from 1 to 20 accurately, then we can move ahead. Similarly, with other concepts, if the year 1 concepts and learnings are thorough, then, we can move ahead with the year 2 maths curriculum. Using objects and pictorial representations also helps in making them learn numbers beyond 20 by reading, writing, counting, and comparing numbers up to 100.

### What Times Table do Children Learn in Year 2 Maths?

A student studying year 2 Maths should be able to count in multiples of 2, 5, and 10. This means they should be be knowing the times tables of 2, 5 and 10. Along with this, they should also understand the relationship between the multiplication table of 10 to place value, and the multiplication table of 5 to the divisions on the clock face.

### What are the Lessons in Year 2 Maths?

The lessons and topics that are learnt by the students in year 2 Maths are given as follows:

- Number and Place Value
- Addition and Subtraction
- Multiplication and Division
- Fractions
- Measurement
- Geometry
- Statistics

visual curriculum