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# Class 4 Maths

**Class 4 maths** emphasizes on the depth and accuracy of the topics studied in the previous class. The **class 4 maths syllabus** helps students to gradually build their logical thinking and reasoning to understand the maths topics. It is a known fact that consistent practice of the topics and questions helps in a better understanding and accuracy of the subject, therefore, the students need to practice questions as per the syllabus in order to gain confidence in it.

## Class 4 Maths Syllabus

The **class 4 maths syllabus** is important for the students because a correct and complete syllabus in hand gives an idea of the concepts covered under class 4 maths. The students can find a detailed class 4 maths syllabus given below.

### Geometry (Shapes & Spatial Understanding)

- Drawing a circle free hand and with a compass.
- Identifying the centre, the radius and the diameter of a circle.
- Using tangrams to create different shapes.
- Tiling geometrical shapes.
- Exploring intuitively the area and perimeter of simple shapes.
- Making four, five and six-faced cubes from given nets especially designed for the same.
- Exploring intuitively the reflections through inkblots, paper cutting and paper folding.
- Reading and drawing 3-D objects.
- Drawing intuitively the plan, elevation and side view of simple objects.

### Numbers (Numbers and Operations)

- Writing multiplication facts.
- Writing tables up to 10.
- Multiplying two and three-digit numbers using lattice algorithm and the standard (column) algorithm.
- Divides a given number by another number in various ways such as by drawing dots, by grouping, by using multiplication facts, by repeated subtraction, and so on.
- Applying the four operations to life situations.
- Framing word problems.
- Estimating sums, differences and products of given numbers.

### Mental Arithmetic

- Adding and subtracting multiples of 10 and 100, mentally.
- Estimating sums, differences, products and quotients and verifying using approximation.
- Completing multiplication facts by adding partial products, mentally.

### Fractional Numbers

- Identifying half, one-fourth and three-fourths of a whole.
- Identifying the symbols 1/2, 1/4, 3/4
- Explaining the meaning of various fractional values like 1/2, 1/4, 3/4
- Understanding the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2; 2/2, 3/3, 4/4 and 1

### Money

- Converting Rupees to Paise.
- Adding and subtracting amounts using column addition and subtraction with regrouping.
- Using operations to find totals, change, multiple costs and unit cost.
- Estimating roughly the totals and total cost.

### Measurement (Length)

- Relating metre with centimetre;
- Converting metre into centimetres and vice versa.
- Solving problems involving length and distances.
- Estimating the length of an object and the distance between two given locations.

### Measurement (Weight)

- Weighing objects using a balance and standard units.
- Determining the sums and differences of weights.
- Estimates the weight of an object and verifying using a balance.

### Measurement (Volume)

- Measuring volumes of given liquid using containers marked with standard units.
- Determining sums and differences of volumes.
- Estimating the volume of a liquid contained in a vessel and verifying by measuring.

### Time

- Computing the number of weeks in a year.
- Correlating the number of days in a year with the number of days in each month.
- Justifying the reason for the need of a leap year.
- Reading the clock time to the nearest hours and minutes.
- Expressing time, using the terms, ‘a.m.’ and ‘p.m.’
- Estimating the duration of familiar events.
- Finding approximate time elapsed by (to the nearest hour) forward counting.
- Computing the number of days between two dates.

### Data Handling

- Collecting data and representing it in the form of bar graphs.
- Drawing Inferences by discussing with the teacher.

### Patterns

- Identifies patterns in multiplication and division: multiples of 9,
- Casting out nines from a given number to check if it is a multiple of nine.
- Multiplying and dividing by 10s, 100s.
- Identifying geometrical patterns based on symmetry

The** 4th Class Maths syllabus** can be completed by practicing the questions of the topics given above. They should try to relate the topics with their day-to-day life to gain confidence in the subject.

## Class 4 Maths Key Topics

The **class 4 maths syllabus** is easy for any student to understand as it has been designed keeping in mind a child’s learning capability and potential. The syllabus as defined above provides a good learning experience during this crucial stage of their life. The class 4 maths key topics include patterns, measurements, time, dimension, purchasing and selling, division, fractions, area and perimeter, and pictorial representation of information.

**Patterns:** The study of patterns enables the students to understand and observe the shapes around them. Students can get some games based on patterns. Playing with patterns is fun and also helps them develop a keen sense of observation.

**Time:** The concept of time is crucial and students can make it a habit to inculcate time monitoring in their daily lives as many tasks may be timed using a stopwatch or clock. This will help them get a sense of how time helps them progress throughout the day.

**Measurements:** The knowledge of measurements is important in order to carry out daily activities. Students can try keeping a track of how much milk, water or juice they consume by taking the help of measuring cans. This will be a fun way to see how much liquid they consume throughout the day, while also giving them an idea of the measurements of units of liquid.

## Class 4 Maths Tips and Tricks

The students can follow some of the tips mentioned below to learn class 4 maths faster:

**Using Smart Charts:** This concept of representation of data can be practically understood in a fun way. Like the scenario presented above in the segment of measurement about the liquid consumed throughout the day. Students can similarly make a note of the same throughout the week. They can represent this information on each weekday. This will help them understand charts in a more easy way.

**Purchasing and Selling :** The concept of purchasing and selling can also be better understood through practical daily life activities. Children can accompany their parents to shops for purchasing everyday basic items. The transactions done at the shop will help them get a good understanding of money. This will also help develop their mental math skills.

## Class 4 Maths Worksheets

Solving Class 4 maths worksheets helps the students to be consistent in solving maths questions in class 4. The worksheets consist of a variety of questions so that the students practice them in an organized way on a regular basis. These worksheets are prepared in a way that the students learn time management and solve the questions in the proper format and within the given time. These worksheets cover all the topics of class 4 maths and the students can verify the answers that are given at the end of each worksheet.

## Solved Examples on Class 3 Maths

**Example 1:**

State true or false:

a.) 500 millilitres is more than a litre.

b.) 21 days mean 3 weeks.

**Solution:**

a.) False, 500 millilitres is __ less__ than a litre. It is half a litre because 1 litre = 1000 millilitres.

b.) True, 21 days mean 3 weeks because each week has 7 days, therefore, 21 ÷ 7 = 3.

**Example 2:**

Write the month that the following dates signify.

a.) 1/06/2020

b.) 19/10/2022

**Solution:**

a.) June

b.) October

## FAQs on Class 4 Maths

### What are the Topics for Class 4 Maths?

The topics that are covered in Class 4 maths are as follows:

- Geometry (Shapes & Spatial Understanding)
- Numbers (Numbers and Operations)
- Mental Arithmetic
- Fractional Numbers
- Money
- Measurement (Length)
- Measurement (Weight)
- Measurement (Volume)
- Time
- Data handling
- Patterns

### How to Solve Word Problems for Class 4 Maths?

The word problems in class 4 maths can be solved using the 3 simple tricks given below.

- Read: Read the given word problem at least twice to understand what the problem talks about.
- Plan: After reading the problem, you will know what is given and what is required. Note down all the quantities that are given and the quantity that is asked for. Then think and plan for the method and mathematical operation which will be applied.
- Solve: After planning the method, solve the question and verify your answer.

### What all is Covered in Fractions in Class 4 Maths?

In class 4 maths, the topic of fractions includes the following:

- Identifying half, one-fourth and three-fourths of a whole.
- Identifying the symbols 1/2, 1/4, 3/4
- Explaining the meaning of various fractional values like 1/2, 1/4, 3/4
- Understanding the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2; 2/2, 3/3, 4/4 and 1

### What are the Chapters of Class 4 Maths?

The chapters that are covered in Class 4 maths are as follows. There are 14 chapters in all.

- Building with Bricks
- Long and Short
- A Trip to Bhopal
- Tick-Tick-Tick
- The Way the World Looks
- The Junk Seller
- Jugs and Mugs
- Carts and Wheels
- Halves and Quarters
- Play with Patterns
- Tables and Shares
- How Heavy? How Light?
- Fields and Fences
- Smart Charts

### How to Teach Class 4 Maths to Students?

**Class 4 maths** can be taught to students using simple techniques that are effective in developing their interest in the subject. A few of these are given below.

- The teachers and parents need to ensure that the students are consistent in practicing questions related to the topic that is studied. As soon as the chapter or topic is taught, the questions related to it should be done. This builds confidence in the students.
- The students need to be assessed regularly so that the weaker areas can be focused upon and they can practice it more and clear their doubts as well.
- By the end of class 4, it is advisable that the students should memorize the multiplication tables up to 12.

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