# Class 4 Maths

Class 4 maths forms an important part of the school curriculum that students must complete to form a solid foundation for higher maths topics. Class 4 maths helps students gradually build their logical thinking and reasoning to understand easy to complicated math topics. Thus, it is important for students to have the correct and complete syllabus in hand for gaining a precise knowledge of each concept covered under class 4 maths. The students can find a detailed class 4 syllabus in this article along with some of the tips and tricks that would help them learn class 4 maths easily.

## Class 4 Maths Syllabus

### Geometry

SHAPES & SPATIAL UNDERSTANDING

Drawing a circle free hand and with a compass.

Identifying centre, radius and diameter of a circle.

Exploring intuitively the area and perimeter of simple shapes.

Making four, five and six-faced cubes from given nets especially designed for the same.

Exploring intuitively the reflections through inkblots, paper cutting and paper folding.

Reading and drawing 3-D objects.

### Numbers

NUMBERS AND OPERATIONS

Writing multiplication facts.

Writing tables upto 10.

Multiplying two and three digit numbers using lattice algorithm and the standard (column) algorithm.

Divides a given number by another number in various ways such as:

– by drawing dots.

– by grouping.

– by using multiplication facts.

– by repeated subtraction.

Applies the four operations to life situations.

Framing word problems.

Estimating sums, differences and products of given numbers.

### MENTAL ARITHMETIC

Adding and subtracting multiples of 10 and 100, mentally. Estimating sums, differences, products and quotients and verifies using approximation. Completing multiplication facts by adding partial products, mentally.

### FRACTIONAL NUMBERS

Identifying half, one fourth and three-fourths of a whole.

Identifying the symbols, Explaining the meaning of various fractional values

### MONEY

- Converting Rupees to Paise.
- Adding and subtracting amounts using column addition and subtraction with regrouping.
- Using operations to find totals, change, multiple costs and unit cost.
- Estimating roughly the totals and total cost.

### Measurement

**LENGTH**

- Relates metre with centimetre;
- Converts metre into centimetres and vice versa.
- Solves problems involving length and distances.
- Estimates length of an object and distance between two given locations.

**WEIGHT**

- Weighs objects using a balance and standard units.
- Determines sums and differences of weights.
- Estimates the weight of an object and verifies using a balance.

**VOLUME**

- Measures volumes of given liquid using containers marked with standard units.
- Determines sums and differences of volumes.
- Estimates the volume of a liquid contained in a vessel and verifies by measuring.

**TIME**

- Counting the number of weeks in a year.
- Correlating the number of days in a year with the number of days in each month.
- Justifying the reason for the need of a leap year.
- Reading clock time to the nearest hours and minutes.
- Expressing time, using the terms, ‘a.m.’ and ‘p.m.’
- Estimating the duration of familiar events.
- Finding approximate time elapsed by (to the nearest hour) forward counting.
- Computing the number of days between two dates.

### Data Handling

- Collecting data and representing it in the form of bar graphs;
- Drawing Inferences by discussing with the teacher.

### Patterns

- Identifies patterns in multiplication and division: multiples of 9,
- Casts out nines from a given number to check if it is a multiple of nine.
- Multiplies and divides by 10s, 100s.
- Identifies geometrical patterns based on symmetry

## Class 4 Maths Key Topics

The class 4 maths syllabus is easy for any student to understand as it has been designed keeping in mind a child’s learning capability and potential. The syllabus as defined above will provide a good learning experience during this crucial stage of their life.The class 4 maths key topics include patterns, measurements, time, dimension, purchasing and selling, division, fractions, area and perimeter, pictorial representation of information.

**Patterns:** The study of patterns will enable the students to understand and observe shapes around them. Students can get some games based on patterns. Playing with patterns will be fun and will also help them develop a keen sense of observation.

**Time:** The concept of time is crucial and students can make it a habit to inculcate time monitoring in their daily lives as many tasks may be timed using a stopwatch or clock. This will help them get a sense of how time helps them progress throughout the day.

**Measurements:** The knowledge of measurements is important in order to carry out the daily activities. Students can try keeping a track of how much milk, water or juice they consume by taking the help of measuring cans. This will be a fun way to see how much liquid they consume throughout the day, while also giving them the idea of the measurements of units of liquid.

## Class 4 Maths Tips and Tricks

The students can follow some of the tips mentioned below to learn class 4 maths faster:

**Using Smart Charts:** This concept of representation of data can be practically understood in a fun way. Like the scenario presented above in the segment of measurement about the liquid consumed throughout the day. Students can similarly make a note of the same throughout the week. They can represent this information on each weekday. This will help them understand charts in a more easy way.

**Purchasing and Selling :** The concept of purchasing and selling can also be better understood through practical daily life activities. Children can accompany their parents to shops for purchasing everyday basic items. The transactions done at the shop will help them get a good understanding of money. This will also help develop their mental math skills.

visual curriculum