Introduction to Polynomials
We at Cuemath believe that the easiest, most organic way to understand a concept is to be able to visualize it. So, this is what a polynomial looks like.
The Big Idea: What is a polynomial?
As we saw above, a polynomial is the parent term used to describe a certain type of algebraic expressions that contain variables, constants, and involve the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division along with only positive powers associated with the variables.
Degree of a polynomial
Think back to the components of a polynomial, as the name suggests, the degree of a polynomial is determined by the highest power a variable is raised to. Take a look at the following example:
Why are polynomials important?
Polynomials form a large group of algebraic expressions. Any expression with only positive powers of the variables are termed as polynomials. As they cover such a huge chunk of all algebraic expressions, they tend to have a wide variety of applications.
One of those being very important for coordinate geometry. A lot of polynomials describe curves and understanding their properties is very important for a lot of higher mathematics. Here, have a look for yourself:
Addition and subtraction of polynomials
Whether you wish to add numbers together or you wish to add polynomials, the basic rules remain the same. The only difference is that when you are adding 34 to 127, you align the appropriate place values and carry the operation out. However, when dealing with the addition and subtraction of polynomials, one needs to pair up like terms and then add them up. Otherwise all the rules of addition and subtraction from numbers translate over to polynomials.
Multiplication and division of polynomials
For multiplication of polynomials, there are three laws which are to be kept in mind – distributive law, associative law and commutative law. For division, the most common method used to divide one polynomial by another is the long division method.
Related Sub Topics
- Variables, Constants and Expressions
- Polynomials and Value of an Expression
- Polynomials and Equations
- Polynomial Expressions
- Polynomials in One Variable
- Particular Kinds of Polynomials
- Degree of a Polynomial
- Linear, Quadratic and Cubic Polynomials
- Polynomials of Degree n
- Addition and Subtraction of Polynomials
- Multiplication of Polynomials
- What Are Zeroes in Polynomial Expressions
- What Are Roots in Polynomial Expressions
- Zero of a Linear Polynomial
- Zeroes of a Quadratic Polynomial
- Zeroes of a Cubic Polynomial
- Inferring Locations of Zeroes Indirectly
- Calculating Zeroes of Quadratic Polynomial
- Division of Polynomial By Linear Factor
- Division of Polynomials in General
- Degree of The Remainder
- Division Algorithm - Linear Divisors
- Remainder Theorem
- Factors of a Polynomial
- Factor Theorem
- Factorization of Quadratic Polynomials
- What is An Identity
- Squaring a Trinomial
- Cubing a Binomial
- Important Identity
- Importance of Coefficients
- Sum and Product of Zeros in Quadratic Polynomial
- Zeros of a Cubic Polynomial
- Dividing Two Polynomials
- Degree of The Remainder Polynomial
- Division Algorithm For Linear Divisors
- Division Algorithm For General Divisors
- Tracking Only The Coefficients in Polynomials